April 2023

Billie Holiday


APRIL 1, 1883Laurette Taylor is born Loretta Helen Cooney in New York City, New York.

APRIL 1, 1946Ronnie Lane is born in London, England.

APRIL 1, 1949Gil Scott-Heron is born in Chicago, Illinois.

APRIL 1, 1971Boots Riley is born Raymond Lawrence Riley in Chicago, Illinois.

APRIL 1, 2004Google unveils Gmail.

APRIL 2, 1800Ludwig van Beethoven premieres of his 1st Symphony in Vienna, Austria..

APRIL 2, 1891Max Ernst is born in Brühl, Germany.

APRIL 2, 1928Serge Gainsbourg is born in Paris, France.

APRIL 2, 1947Emmylou Harris is born in Birmingham, Alabama.

APRIL 2, 1987Melody Prochet is born in Puyricard, France.

APRIL 3, 1895Oscar Wilde's libel case goes to trial.

APRIL 3, 1924Marlon Brando is born in Omaha, Nebraska.

APRIL 3, 1962Mike Ness is born in Lynn, Massachusetts.

APRIL 4, 1932Anthony Perkins is born in New York City, New York.

APRIL 4, 1968Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.

APRIL 5, 1897 – The first American Arts and Crafts Exhibition begins at Copley Hall, Boston, Massachusetts.

APRIL 5, 1922 – The American Birth Control League, forerunner of Planned Parenthood, is incorporated.

APRIL 5, 1929Joe Meek is born Robert George Meek in Newent, England.

APRIL 5, 1954Peter Case is born in Buffalo, New York.

APRIL 5, 1973Pharrell Williams is born in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

APRIL 6, 1857Arthur Wesley Dow is born in Ipswich, Massachusetts.

APRIL 6, 1866Lincoln Steffens is born in San Francisco, California.

APRIL 6, 1931Ram Dass is born Richard Alpert in Boston, Massachusetts.

APRIL 6, 1965Black Francis is born Charles Michael Kittridge Thompson IV in Boston, Massachusetts.

APRIL 6, 1965Early Bird, the first communications satellite, is launched.

APRIL 7, 1772Charles Fourier is born in Besançon, France.

APRIL 7, 1915Billie Holiday is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

APRIL 7, 1922United States Secretary of the Interior receives bribes for oil rights to the Teapot Dome in Wyoming.

APRIL 7, 1959Kim Warnick is born in Seattle, Washington.

APRIL 8, 1820Venus de Milo is discovered on the island of Melos, Greece .

APRIL 8, 1941Vivienne Westwood is born in Derbyshire, England.

APRIL 9, 1895Mance Lipscomb is born Beau De Glen Lipscomb in Navasota, Texas.

APRIL 9, 1926Hugh Hefner is born in Chicago, Illinois.

APRIL 9, 1932Carl Perkins is born in Tiptonville, Tennessee.

APRIL 9, 1959NASA selects the Mercury Seven.

APRIL 10, 1953Warner Brothers premieres its first 3-D film, House of Wax.

APRIL 10, 1970Q-Tip is born in Harlem, New York.

APRIL 11, 1961Doug Hopkins is born in Seattle, Washington.

APRIL 11, 1968 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act.

APRIL 12, 1883Imogen Cunningham is born in Portland, Oregon.

APRIL 12, 1892Henry Darger is born in Chicago, Illinois.

APRIL 12, 1980Terry Fox begins his Marathon of Hope in St. John's, Newfoundland.

APRIL 12, 1994Melissa Brooks is born in Seal Beach, California.

APRIL 13, 1878B.J.O. Nordfeldt is born in Tulstorg, Scania, Sweden.

APRIL 13, 1919 Eugene V. Debs is incarcerated at the Atlanta Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia, for standing up against the United States draft during World War I.

APRIL 13, 1924Stanley Donen is born in Columbia, South Carolina.

APRIL 14, 1828Noah Webster copyrights his dictionary.

APRIL 14, 1932Loretta Lynn is born in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky.

APRIL 14, 1948Berry Berenson is born in New York City, New York.

APRIL 15, 1452Leonardo Da Vinci is born in Florence, Italy.

APRIL 15, 1865 Abraham Lincoln dies after being shot by actor John Wilkes Booth.

APRIL 15, 1933Elizabeth Montgomery is born in Los Angeles, California.

APRIL 15, 1958Benjamin Zephaniah is born in Birmingham, England.

APRIL 16, 1889Charlie Chaplin is born in London, England.

APRIL 16, 1939Dusty Springfield is born Mary Isobel Catherine Bernadette O'Brien in London, England.

APRIL 16, 1990 – Doctor Jack Kevorkian performs in his first assisted suicide.

APRIL 17, 1907 – The Ellis Island Immigration Center processes a one-day record of 11,747 people.

APRIL 17, 1955Pete Shelley is born in Leigh, England.

APRIL 17, 1964Maynard James Keenan is born in Ravenna, Ohio.

APRIL 18, 1775Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside that The British Are Coming..

APRIL 18, 1857Clarence Darrow is born in Kinsman Township, Ohio.

APRIL 19, 1927Mae West is sentenced to ten days in jail for obscenity for her play, Sex.

APRIL 19, 1947Mark Volman is born in Los Angeles, California.

APRIL 20, 1939Billie Holiday records Strange Fruit.

APRIL 20, 1943Edie Sedgwick is born in Santa Barbara, California.

APRIL 20, 1971Mikie Welsh is born in Syracuse, New York.

APRIL 20, 1975Killer Mike is born Michael Render in Atlanta, Georgia.

APRIL 21, 1915Anthony Quinn is born Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca in Chihuahua, Mexico.

APRIL 21, 1947Iggy Pop is born in Muskegon, Michigan.

APRIL 21, 1966Haile Selassie visits Jamaica, celebrated today as Grounation Day.

APRIL 22, 1884William L'Engle is born in Jacksonville, Florida.

APRIL 22, 1899Vladimir Nabokov is born in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

APRIL 22, 1904Robert Oppenheimer is born in New York City, New York.

APRIL 22, 1922Charles Mingus is born in Nogales, Arizona.

APRIL 22, 1923Bettie Page is born in Nashville, Tennessee.

APRIL 22, 1937Jack Nicholson is born in Neptune, New Jersey.

APRIL 22, 1946John Waters is born in Baltimore, Maryland.

APRIL 22, 1977Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone data.

APRIL 23, 1635Boston Latin School, the nation's first public school is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.

APRIL 23, 1928Shirley Temple is born in Santa Monica, California.

APRIL 24, 1800 The United States Library of Congress is established.

APRIL 24, 1904Willem DeKooning is born in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

APRIL 25, 1792 – Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier becomes the first person executed by guillotine.

APRIL 25, 1923Albert King is born in Indianola, Mississippi.

APRIL 26, 1938Duane Eddy is born in Corning, New York.

APRIL 26, 1986 – The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant reactor in Ukraine, USSR melts down.

APRIL 27, 1667John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10.

APRIL 27, 1947Ann Peebles is born in St. Louis, Missouri.

APRIL 27, 1948Kate Pierson is born in Weehawken, New Jersey.

APRIL 27, 1953 Wild Bill Firehands Wampler is born in New Bedford, Massachusetts.

APRIL 28, 1945Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci are executed.

APRIL 28, 1953Kim Gordon is born in Rochester, New York.

APRIL 29, 1889Duke Ellington is born in Washington, D.C..

APRIL 29, 1917Maya Deren is born Eleanora Derenkowskaia in Kiev, Ukraine.

APRIL 29, 1933Willie Nelson is born in Abbott, Texas.

APRIL 29, 1937Hasil Adkins is born in Boone County, West Virginia.

APRIL 29, 1968Hair opens at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway.

APRIL 30, 1877Alice B. Toklas is born in San Francisco, California.

APRIL 30, 1976Amanda Palmer is born in New York City, New York.

APRIL 30, 1993CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) announces that World Wide Web protocols will be free.